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Analysis of the effects of speed limit enforcement cameras - Differentiation by road type and catchment area

Hess, S (2004) Analysis of the effects of speed limit enforcement cameras - Differentiation by road type and catchment area. Transportation Research Record, 1865. 28 - 34 . ISSN 0361-1981

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Abstract

A detailed statistical analysis is presented of the effects of speed limit enforcement cameras on injury accident numbers. The approach used is constructed in such a way that it is possible to differentiate not only between the effects of the cameras and the effects of trend and seasonality but actually to produce estimates that are independent of any other overall time-dependent effects. Crucially, the estimates produced are also net of the effects of regression to the mean. To allow for the simultaneous treatment of the different levels of severity, weights are used that reflect the frequency of the different types of accidents. This approach is then used on a data set for all injury accidents in Cambridgeshire between 1990 and 2002, which also contains data from 49 camera sites. To quantify the range of effectiveness of the cameras, estimates of the changes in accident numbers are produced for different distances from the camera site. The analysis shows that, overall, in the immediate vicinity of the camera sites, the installation of a camera can be expected to lead to decreases in weighted injury accident numbers by an astounding 45.74%. Lower, but still significant, decreases are observed in the wider surrounding area. Finally, to provide further insight into the differences in performance on different road types, the sites are grouped together according to road category. This analysis shows that the biggest reduction in accident numbers can be obtained on roads with a higher incidence of speeding offenses.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2004, National Academy of Sciences. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Transportation Research Record. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds)
Depositing User: Symplectic Publications
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2012 14:01
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2014 12:57
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/1865-05
Status: Published
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Identification Number: 10.3141/1865-05
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/43624

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