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The Nation Has Two Voices: Diforia and Performativity in Athens 2004

Tzanelli, R (2008) The Nation Has Two Voices: Diforia and Performativity in Athens 2004. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 11 (4). 489 - 508 . ISSN 1367-5494


This article explores the contemporary conditions of national self-presentation, inviting students of national identity to reconsider the nature of national self-narration through new conceptual tools. It is argued that contemporary nations have two `voices': one is addressed to their members, another speaks to the nation's external interlocutors. Both voices contribute to the performance of identity: for nations which are the product of colonial and `crypto-colonial' encounters, narration is characterized by a negotiation of the boundaries between private and public voices and slippage in utterance. The article introduces a new concept in the study of culture, `diforia', which accounts for both this split meaning of utterance and national performativity in public. The concept is mobilized to examine and deconstruct a recent case of Greek diforia enacted in the context of the opening and closing ceremonies of Athens 2004.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: media, performativity, significant others, diforia, Athens 2004, ambivalence
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law (Leeds) > School of Sociology and Social Policy (Leeds)
Depositing User: Symplectic Publications
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2011 12:31
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2014 03:50
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1367549408094984
Status: Published
Publisher: Sage publications
Identification Number: 10.1177/1367549408094984
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/43385

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