White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

Cross-sectional and prospective associations between cognitive appraisals and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms following stroke

Field, E.L., Norman, P. and Barton, J. (2008) Cross-sectional and prospective associations between cognitive appraisals and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms following stroke. Behaviour Research And Therapy, 46 (1). pp. 62-70. ISSN 0005-7967

Full text available as:
[img] Text
normanp1.pdf

Download (203Kb)

Abstract

This study examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between cognitive appraisals and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms following stroke. While in hospital, stroke patients (n=81) completed questionnaires assessing cognitive appraisals (i.e., negative cognitions about the self, negative cognitions about the world, and self-blame) and PTSD symptoms. PTSD symptoms were assessed again 3 months later when all patients had been discharged from hospital (n=70). Significant correlations were found between the time 1 measures of negative cognitions about the self and the world, but not self-blame, and the severity of PTSD symptoms measured at time 1 and at time 2. Regression analyses revealed that cognitive appraisals explained a significant amount of variance in the severity of PTSD symptoms at time 1, with negative cognitions about the self-emerging as a significant predictor. In contrast, time 1 cognitive appraisals were unable to explain additional variance in time 2 PTSD severity over and above that explained by time 1 PTSD severity. The findings therefore provide only weak support for Ehlers and Clark's cognitive model of PTSD.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2008 Elsevier B.V. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Behaviour Research and Therapy. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self archiving policy.
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Department of Psychology (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Department of Psychology (Sheffield) > Clinical Psychology Unit
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2008 14:41
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:56
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2007.10.006
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.brat.2007.10.006
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/4332

Actions (repository staff only: login required)