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Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline leachate affected soil profile

Burke, IT, Mortimer, RJG, Palani, S, Whittleston, RA, Lockwood, CL, Ashley, DJ and Stewart, DI (2012) Biogeochemical reduction processes in a hyper-alkaline leachate affected soil profile. Geomicrobiology Journal, 29 (9). 769 - 779. ISSN 0149-0451

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Abstract

Hyperalkaline surface environments can occur naturally or because of contamination by hydroxide-rich wastes. The high pH produced in these areas has the potential to lead to highly specialised microbial communities and unusual biogeochemical processes. This paper reports an investigation into the geochemical processes that are occurring in a buried, saturated, organic–rich soil layer at pH 12.3. The soil has been trapped beneath calcite precipitate (tufa) that is accumulating where highly alkaline leachate from a lime kiln waste tip is emerging to atmosphere. A population of anaerobic alkaliphilic bacteria dominated by a single, unidentified species within the Comamonadaceae family of β-proteobacteria has established itself near the top of the soil layer. This bacterial population appears to be capable of nitrate reduction using electron donors derived from the soil organic matter. Below the zone of nitrate reduction a significant proportion of the 0.5N HCl extractable iron (a proxy for microbial available iron) is in the Fe(II) oxidation state indicating there is increasing anoxia with depth and suggesting that microbial iron reduction is occurring.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: anaerobe; alkaliphile; bacteria; contaminated land; iron-reduction; nitrate-reduction; microbial-reduction
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Civil Engineering (Leeds) > Inst for Pathogen Control Engineering (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > School of Earth and Environment (Leeds)
Depositing User: Symplectic Publications
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2011 11:27
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2014 18:49
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01490451.2011.619638
Status: Published
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Identification Number: 10.1080/01490451.2011.619638
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/43212

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