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A classification of controlled interpersonal affect regulation strategies

Niven, Karen, Totterdell, Peter and Holman, David (2009) A classification of controlled interpersonal affect regulation strategies. Emotion, 9 (4). pp. 498-509. ISSN 1528-3542


Controlled interpersonal affect regulation refers to the deliberate regulation of someone else’s affect. Building on existing research concerning this everyday process, the authors describe the development of a theoretical classification scheme that distinguishes between the types of strategy used to achieve interpersonal affect regulation. To test the theoretical classification, the authors generated a corpus of 378 distinct strategies using self-report questionnaires and diaries completed by student and working samples. Twenty participants then performed a card-sort of the strategies. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to determine how well the theoretical classification represented spontaneous understandings of controlled interpersonal affect regulation. The final classification primarily distinguished between strategies used to improve versus those used to worsen others’ affect, and between strategies that engaged the target in a situation or affective state versus relationship-oriented strategies. The classification provides a meaningful basis for organizing existing research and making future conceptual and empirical distinctions.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Affect regulation, Classification, Influence, Mood, Emotion management
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > University of Sheffield Research Centres and Institutes > Institute of Work Psychology (Sheffield)
Funding Information:
FunderGrant number
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)RES-060-25-0044
Depositing User: Dr Karen Niven
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2011 10:48
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2014 03:56
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0015962
Status: Published
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1037/a0015962
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/43126

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