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Perceptual training prevents the emergence of the other race effect during infancy

Heron-Delaney, M., Anzures, G., Herbert, J.S., Quinn, P.C., Slater, A.M., Tanaka, J.W., Lee, K. and Pascalis, O. (2011) Perceptual training prevents the emergence of the other race effect during infancy. Plos One, 6 (5). Art no. e19858. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Experience plays a crucial role in the development of the face processing system. At 6 months of age infants can discriminate individual faces from their own and other races. By 9 months of age this ability to process other-race faces is typically lost, due to minimal experience with other-race faces, and vast exposure to own-race faces, for which infants come to manifest expertise [1]. This is known as the Other Race Effect. In the current study, we demonstrate that exposing Caucasian infants to Chinese faces through perceptual training via picture books for a total of one hour between 6 and 9 months allows Caucasian infants to maintain the ability to discriminate Chinese faces at 9 months of age. The development of the processing of face race can be modified by training, highlighting the importance of early experience in shaping the face representation.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2011 Heron-Delaney et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Face Recognition; Own-Race; 3-Month-Old Infants; Plasticity; Experience; Childhood; Memory; Bias
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Department of Psychology (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Miss Anthea Tucker
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2011 08:14
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2014 10:11
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019858
Status: Published
Publisher: Public Library Science
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019858
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/43069

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