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Reuse of tyre steel fibres as concrete reinforcement

Pilakoutas, K., Neocleous, K. and Tlemat, H. (2004) Reuse of tyre steel fibres as concrete reinforcement. Proceedings of the ICE - Engineering Sustainability, 157 (3). pp. 131-138. ISSN 1478-4629


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To attain economically viable and environmentally friendly tyre recycling, it is necessary to develop new applications and products, which will use tyre by-products (especially the steel cord) as raw materials. The authors demonstrate that the steel fibres recovered from used tyres can be used to reinforce concrete elements. This application has a great potential, as it is estimated that more than 500000 t of high-quality steel fibres could be recovered annually from used tyres in the EU alone. This paper presents the work carried out as part of various ongoing projects on the use of steel fibres in concrete construction. The first part of the paper deals with waste management issues, the methods used to recover steel fibres from tyres, and existing applications of used tyres. The second part presents the mechanical behaviour of concrete elements reinforced with these steel fibres and discusses the relevant design and economic issues. It is concluded that the use of these steel fibres in concrete construction will benefit not only the construction industry, but also the producers and recyclers of used tyres.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2004 Institution of Civil Engineers. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in Proceedings of the ICE - Structural Sustainability.
Keywords: Concrete technology; Recycling of materials; Steel fibers; Waste management & disposal, Concrete construction; Construction industry; Environmental impact; Fiber reinforced materials; Project management; Steel, Concrete reinforcements
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > University of Sheffield Research Centres and Institutes > Centre for Cement and Concrete (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Department of Civil and Structural Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Prof Kypros Pilakoutas
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2011 10:58
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:30
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/ensu.
Status: Published
Publisher: Institution of Civil Engineers
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/42811

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