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Alterations in the self-renewal and differentiation ability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in a mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis

Mohanty, S.T., Kottam, L., Gambardella, A., Nicklin, M.J., Coulton, L., Hughes, D., Wilson, A.G., Croucher, P.I. and Bellantuono, I. (2010) Alterations in the self-renewal and differentiation ability of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in a mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Research & Therapy, 12 (4). Art no.R149. ISSN 1478-6362

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Abstract

Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease primarily involving the synovium. Evidence in recent years has suggested that the bone marrow (BM) may be involved, and may even be the initiating site of the disease. Abnormalities in haemopoietic stem cells' (HSC) survival, proliferation and aging have been described in patients affected by RA and ascribed to abnormal support by the BM microenvironment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and their progeny constitute important components of the BM niche. In this study we test the hypothesis that the onset of inflammatory arthritis is associated with altered self-renewal and differentiation of bone marrow MSC, which alters the composition of the BM microenvironment.

Methods: We have used Balb/C Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist knock-out mice, which spontaneously develop RA-like disease in 100% of mice by 20 weeks of age to determine the number of mesenchymal progenitors and their differentiated progeny before, at the start and with progression of the disease.

Results: We showed a decrease in the number of mesenchymal progenitors with adipogenic potential and decreased bone marrow adipogenesis before disease onset. This is associated with a decrease in osteoclastogenesis. Moreover, at the onset of disease a significant increase in all mesenchymal progenitors is observed together with a block in their differentiation to osteoblasts. This is associated with accelerated bone loss.

Conclusions: Significant changes occur in the BM niche with the establishment and progression of RA-like disease. Those changes may be responsible for aspects of the disease, including the advance of osteoporosis. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms leading to those changes may lead to new strategies for therapeutic intervention.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2010 Mohanty et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Stromal Cells; In-Vitro; Inflammation; Adipocytes; Modulation; Expression; Autoimmune; Phenotype; Disease; Tissue
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Medicine (Sheffield) > Department of Infection & Immunity
Depositing User: Miss Anthea Tucker
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2010 09:23
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:29
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/ar3098
Status: Published
Publisher: BioMed Central
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1186/ar3098
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/42716

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