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Trust and trustworthiness

Wright, S. (2010) Trust and trustworthiness. Philosophia , 38 (3). pp. 615-627. ISSN 0048-3893


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What is it to trust someone? What is it for someone to be trustworthy? These are the two main questions that this paper addresses. There are various situations that can be described as ones of trust, but this paper considers the issue of trust between individuals. In it, I suggest that trust is distinct from reliance or cases where someone asks for something on the expectation that it will be done due to the different attitude taken by the trustor. I argue that the trustor takes Holton's 'participant stance' and this distinguishes trust from reliance. I argue that trustworthiness is different from reliability and that an account of trustworthiness cannot be successful whilst ignoring the point that aligning trustworthiness with reliability removes the virtue from being trustworthy. On the question of what it is distinguishes trustworthiness from reliability, I argue that the distinction is in the opportunity for the trustee to act against the wishes of the trustor and the trustee's consideration of the value of the trust that has been placed in them by the trustor.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2010 Springer. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in Philosophia. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Keywords: Trust; Trustworthiness; Reliance; Participant stance; Virtue; Expectation
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Arts and Humanities (Sheffield) > Department of Philosophy (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Miss Anthea Tucker
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2010 15:04
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:29
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11406-009-9218-0
Status: Published
Publisher: Springer
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1007/s11406-009-9218-0
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/42701

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