Adams, J.M., Fielding, S.M. and Olmsted, P.D. (2008) The interplay between boundary conditions and flow geometries in shear banding: Hysteresis, band configurations, and surface transitions. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 151 (1-3). pp. 101-118. ISSN 0377-0257
We study shear banding flows in models of wormlike micelles or polymer solutions, and explore the effects of different boundary conditions for the viscoelastic stress. These are needed because the equations of motion are inherently non-local and include “diffusive” or square-gradient terms. Using the diffusive Johnson–Segalman model and a variant of the Rolie-Poly model for entangled micelles or polymer solutions, we study the interplay between different boundary conditions and the intrinsic stress gradient imposed by the flow geometry. We consider prescribed gradient (Neumann) or value (Dirichlet) of the viscoelastic stress tensor at the boundary, as well as mixed boundary conditions in which an anchoring strength competes with the gradient contribution to the stress dynamics. We find that hysteresis during shear rate sweeps is suppressed if the boundary conditions favor the state that is induced by the sweep. For example, if the boundaries favor the high shear rate phase then hysteresis is suppressed at the low shear rate edges of the stress plateau. If the boundaries favor the low shear rate state, then the high shear rate band can lie in the center of the flow cell, leading to a three-band configuration. Sufficiently strong stress gradients due to curved flow geometries, such as that of cylindrical Couette flow, can convert this to a two-band state by forcing the high shear rate phase against the wall of higher stress, and can suppress the hysteresis loop observed during a shear rate sweep.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||©2008 Elsevier Science B.V. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self archiving policy.|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences (Leeds) > School of Physics and Astronomy (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Sherpa Assistant|
|Date Deposited:||08 Aug 2008 14:29|
|Last Modified:||29 Oct 2016 00:10|