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Calcium magnesium acetate and urea advanced reburning for NO control with simultaneous SO2 reduction

Nimmo, W., Patsias, A..A., Hampartsoumian, E., Gibbs, B.M., Fairweather, M. and Williams, P.T. (2004) Calcium magnesium acetate and urea advanced reburning for NO control with simultaneous SO2 reduction. Fuel, 83 (9). pp. 1143-1150. ISSN 0016-2361


Calcium magnesium acetate (CMA) shows potential as a reductant for simultaneous NOx and SOx removal from coal-fired combustion plant. The performance of urea co-injection with CMA on NO reduction in an ‘advanced reburn’ (AR) configuration has been investigated with a view to optimization of the process in a pulverized coal fired furnace operating at 80kW. The impact on SO2 reduction has also been investigated. Urea/CMA solution was sprayed into the reburn zone of the furnace using twin-fluid atomisers over a range of reductant/NO stoichiometric ratios (NSR). The influence on NO reductions of primary zone stoichiometry (1) was investigated for a range of CMA reburn feed rates (Rff) and reburn zone stoichiometry (2). In addition the effect of temperature on the SNCR performance of urea was investigated. Optimum process conditions were categorized either by maximizing NO and SO2 reductions (Modes A and B respectively) or maximizing reductant utilisation efficiencies (Modes C and D). NO control was best performed at 1=1.05 but SO2 reductions were greatest at more fuel lean primary zone conditions (1=1.15). Highest NO reductions of 85% under AR-rich conditions were achieved under Mode A, but were only slightly higher compared with reductions of 79% under Mode B where SO2 reductions were optimized at 85%. N-utilization was also at an acceptable level of 25% compared to the maximum utilization efficiency which was obtained at NSR = 1.5 of 30% for the same conditions of stoichiometry operating in Mode C. Operation at this lower level of reburn (9.6%) could significantly reduce the consumption of CMA with some impact on NO reduction (73%). SO2 removal performance would be compromised severely with reductions lowered from 75% at Mode A to 35% at Mode C. Optimizing Ca utilisation (Mode D) resulted in poor NO and SO2 reductions, at 61% and 22% respectively and can be discounted as a viable option. The technique offers flexibility of operation depending on the emission control requirements.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: calcium magnesium acetate, urea, advanced reburn, coal
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Chemical & Process Engineering (Leeds) > Energy Research Institute (Leeds)
Depositing User: Dr William Nimmo
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2008 10:09
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2014 01:23
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2003.11.011
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.fuel.2003.11.011
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/3651

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