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Killing John to save Mary: a defence of the moral distinction between killing and letting die

Frowe, H. (2007) Killing John to save Mary: a defence of the moral distinction between killing and letting die. In: Campbell, J., O'Rourke, M. and Silverstein, H., (eds.) Topics in Contemporary Philosophy: Action, Ethics and Responsibility. Topics in Contemporary Philosophy (7). MIT Press , Cambridge, Massachusetts . ISBN 9780262014731

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This paper defends the moral significance of the distinction between killing and letting die. In the first part of the paper, I consider and reject Michael Tooley’s argument that initiating a causal process is morally equivalent to refraining from interfering in that process. The second part disputes Tooley’s suggestion it is merely external factors that make killing appear to be worse than letting die, when in reality the distinction is morally neutral. Tooley is mistaken to claim that we are permitted to kill bystanders who had no fair chance to avoid being at risk of harm. We can support the significance of the killing / letting die distinction by considering the difference between what we are permitted to do in self-defence against those who are going to kill us, and what we can do against those who are going to let us die. I also suggest that we are less responsible for the deaths we allow than for the deaths that we cause, since we do not make people worse off for our presence in cases where we fail to save them.

Item Type: Book Section
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Accepted for publication. Uploaded with permission.
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Arts and Humanities (Sheffield) > Department of Philosophy (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2007 11:23
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:55
Status: Published
Publisher: MIT Press
Refereed: Yes
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/3415

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