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Development of engineering design tools to help reduce apple bruising

Lewis, R., Yoxall, A., Canty, L.A. and Romo, E.R. (2007) Development of engineering design tools to help reduce apple bruising. Journal of Food Engineering, 83 (3). pp. 356-365. ISSN 0260-8774

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A large percentage of apples are wasted each year due to damage such as bruising. The apple journey from orchard to supermarket is very complex and apples are subjected to a variety of static and dynamic loads that could result in this damage occurring. The main aim of this work was to carry out numerical modelling to develop a design tool that can be used to optimise the design of harvesting and sorting equipment and packaging media to reduce the likelihood of apple bruise formation resulting from impact loads. An experimental study, along with analytical calculations, varying apple drop heights and counterface material properties, were used to provide data to validate the numerical modelling. Good correlation was seen between the models and experiments and this approach combined with previous work on static modelling should provide a comprehensive design tool for reducing the likelihood of apple bruising occurring.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2007 Elsevier B.V. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Journal of Food Engineering. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Keywords: apple bruising, design tools, packaging optimisation
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Department of Mechanical Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2007 15:04
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:54
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2007.03.005
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2007.03.005
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/3379

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