Shepherd, S.P., Zhang, X., Emberger, G., May, A.D., Hudson, M. and Paulley, N. (2006) Designing optimal urban transport strategies : the role of individual policy instruments and the impact of financial constraints. Transportation, 13 (1). pp. 49-65. ISSN 0967-070X
Available under licence : See the attached licence file.
This paper presents a methodology for the design of optimal transport strategies and the case study results of the methodology for the City of Edinburgh, using the two multi-modal transport/land-use models MARS and TPM. First, a range of policy instruments are optimised in turn and their relative impacts explored. Second, optimisations with and without financial constraints are performed and compared. Although both models produce similar optimal policies, the relative contribution of the instruments differs between models as does the impact on outcome indicators. It is also shown that by careful design it is possible to identify a strategy which costs no more than the do-minimum but which can generate substantial additional benefits. The optimisation methodology is found to be robust, and is able to be used with different transport models, and with and without financial constraints.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||© 2006 Elsevier B.V. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Transport Policy. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.|
|Keywords:||Urban transport policy; Cost–benefit analysis; Optimisation|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Adrian May|
|Date Deposited:||03 May 2007|
|Last Modified:||22 Jul 2014 19:45|