May, A.D. (1980) Breaking the Habit – The Challenge of Transport Management. Working Paper. Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds , Leeds, UK.
Available under licence : See the attached licence file.
The last decade has witnessed a considerable change in the objectives of urban transport policy and hence in the methods employed for solving transport problems. In particular, there has been a significant switch from high cost additions to the transport infrastructure to low cost measures designed to manage the existing infrastructure more efficiently. Most of the successful developments, however, have been in traffic management techniques, such as bus lanes and mini-roundabouts which have been designed solely to reduce travel time for existing patterns of movement. By contrast, transport management measures, such as fares subsidies and restraint, which are designed to encourage a change in the pattern of travel, have met with far less success.
This paper, which is the text of Professor May's inaugural lecture, reviews these developments, discusses some examples of both successful and unsuccessful transport management proposals, and identifies the aspects of these proposals about which there has been greatest concern and uncertainty. It suggests, from this analysis, the changes which need to be made in techniques of prediction, experimental design and policy implementation if the role of transport management is to be more clearly understood.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Working Paper)|
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||Copyright of the Institute of Transport Studies, University Of Leeds|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Adrian May|
|Date Deposited:||01 Jun 2007|
|Last Modified:||05 Jun 2014 10:00|
|Publisher:||Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds|
|Identification Number:||Working Paper 136|