White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

Deregulating the Bus Industry.

Gwilliam, K.M., Nash, C.A. and Mackie, P.J. (1984) Deregulating the Bus Industry. Working Paper. Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds , Leeds, UK.

Full text available as:
[img]
Preview
Text
ITS368_WP179_uploadable.pdf

Download (1201Kb)
Published Version: http://www.its.leeds.ac.uk/

Abstract

In its Buses White Paper, the British Government sets out its proposals for abandoning quantitative control of entry to and provision of local bus services. The logic on which the proposals are based can be reduced to four propositions:-

(i) Deregulation will produce a competitive market.

(ii) Competition will substantially reduce costs.

(iii) A competitive market will improve resource allocation.

(iv) A competitive market will not cause any significant undesirable spin-off effects.

Each of these propositions is suspect.

If there is any competition on bus routes, it will tend to be small group rather than large group. Active rivalry involving schedule matching and price wars may occur, as may collusion. Neither will produce efficient results.

Even if a competitive result were to obtain, the resulting resource allocation would not be socially efficient. A first best optimum requires subsidies because the market is subject to external economies (the Mohring effect). If Government budget constraints operate, the second-best solution then requires cross-subsidies. Competition is not compatible with social efficiency in either of these cases. Nor will the competitive market solution optimise load factors. Quality competition, in the form of minibuses 'creaming' the best traffics, may also be socially undesirable.

The White Paper authors underplay the significance of these resource allocation arguments, while exaggerating the likely impact of deregulation on cost efficiency. Even though some cost savings may be available they could be obtained anyway under a regime of competitive tendering for profitable as well as unprofitable routes. Competition for the market rather than competition in the market is required.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright of the Institute of Transport Studies, University Of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds)
Depositing User: Adrian May
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2007
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:53
Published Version: http://www.its.leeds.ac.uk/
Status: Published
Publisher: Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds
Identification Number: Working Paper 179
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/2360

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item