Palmer, I.A. and Bonsall, P.W. (1997) Estimating the impact of time-based road user charges on risk taking by drivers. Working Paper. Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds , Leeds, UK.
This study, conducted for ethical reasons on a driving simulator, has indicated that drivers take more risks when they are being charged for their use of roadspace on the basis of time, than they do when they are not subject to such charges. This effect is highly significant for some measures of risk taking (e.g. red light violation and illegal overtaking) but less so for others. The effect is apparent even at very low charge levels and is observed irrespective of whether the charge is based on total travel time or time spent below specified speeds (‘congestion charges’). There are however some differences in the types of risky behaviour engendered by these two charging regimes. These results have obvious and serious implications for the implementation of time-based road user charges.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||Copyright of the Institute of Transport Studies, University Of Leeds|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Adrian May|
|Date Deposited:||13 Apr 2007|
|Last Modified:||31 Oct 2016 17:06|
|Publisher:||Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds|
|Identification Number:||Working Paper 493|