Andrews, Gordon E., Zhu, G., Li, Hu, Simpson, Alex, Wylie, James A., Bell, Margaret and Tate, James (2005) The effect of ambient temperature on cold start urban traffic emissions for a real world SI car. In: SAE 2004 Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants. Society of Automotive Engineers , USA , pp. 1580-1597. ISBN 0-7680-1553-7Full text available as:
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The influence of ambient temperature on exhaust emissions for an instrumented Euro 1 SI car was determined. A real world test cycle was used, based on an urban drive cycle that was similar to the ECE urban drive cycle. It was based on four laps of a street circuit and an emissions sample bag was taken for each lap. The bag for the first lap was for the cold start emissions. An in-vehicle direct exhaust dual bag sampling technique was used to simultaneously collect exhaust samples upstream and downstream of the three-way catalyst (TWC). The cold start tests were conducted over a year, with ambient temperatures ranging from – 2°C to 32°C. The exhaust system was instrumented with thermocouples so that the catalyst light off temperature could be determined. The results showed that CO emissions for the cold start were reduced by a factor of 8 downstream of catalyst when ambient temperature rose from -2°C to 32°C, the corresponding hydrocarbon emissions were reduced by a factor of 4. There was no clear relationship between NOx emissions and ambient temperature. For subsequent laps of the test circuit the reduction of CO and HC emissions as a function of ambient temperature was lower. The time for catalyst light off increased by 50% as the ambient temperature was reduced. The results show that the vehicle used is unlikely to meet the new – 7oC cold start CO emission regulations.
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||© 2004 SAE International. Published on this website with permission from SAE International. As a user of this website, you are permitted to view this paper on-line, download the .pdf file and print one copy of this papers at no cost for your use only. The downloaded .pdf file and printout of this SAE papers may not be copied, distributed or forwarded to others or for the use of others.|
|Keywords:||cold start, emissions, Urban traffic, ambient temperature|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering (Leeds) > Energy and Resources Research Institute (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Hu Li|
|Date Deposited:||12 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||05 Jun 2014 12:06|
|Publisher:||Society of Automotive Engineers|
|Identification Number:||SAE Paper # 2004-01-2903|