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Impact of Ambient Temperatures on Exhaust Thermal Characteristics during Cold Start for Real World SI Car Urban Driving Tests

Li, H, Andrews, GE, Zhu, G, Daham, BK, Bell, MC, Tate, JE and Ropkins, K (2005) Impact of Ambient Temperatures on Exhaust Thermal Characteristics during Cold Start for Real World SI Car Urban Driving Tests. In: Engineers, SOA, (ed.) SAE Proceedings: Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition. SAE Proceedings: Powertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition, 3-6 October 2005. Society of Automotive Engineers , USA . ISBN 0-7680-1652-5

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Thermal characteristics of SI engine exhaust during cold start and warm up period were investigated for different ambient temperatures (-2 to 32 °C). A Euro 1 emission compliance SI car was tested using a real world urban driving cycle to represent typical city driving patterns and simulate ECE15 urban driving cycle. The test car was equipped with 27 thermocouples along the engine and exhaust pipes so as to measure metal and exhaust gas temperatures along the engine, exhaust and catalyst. The characteristics of thermal properties of engine, exhaust system and catalyst were studied as a function of warm up time and ambient temperature. The temperature and time of the light-off of catalyst were investigated so as to evaluate the effect of thermal properties of the catalyst on emissions. The results show that the coolant water reached the full warm up about 5 minutes in summer and 9 minutes in winter after a cold start. Lubricating oil reached the full warm up in 10 minutes in summer and 14 minutes in winter after a cold start. The light-off time of TWC was about 3 minutes in summer and 6 minutes in winter in terms of catalyst substrate temperatures. The determination of catalyst light off has been studied and discussed in terms of catalyst substrate temperatures and gas temperatures. The ambient temperature had little influence on engine out exhaust gas temperatures. The heat loss from the engine out to the catalyst was at highest level in the first 5~6 minutes and after this point the heat available at the catalyst was relatively stable. The thermal properties of the engine and exhaust system had significant influence on emissions. The results indicate that in some urban driving conditions such as short journeys in cities especially under cold weather conditions, the function of catalysts for emission reductions is very limited.

Item Type: Proceedings Paper
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2005 SAE International. Published on this website with permission from SAE International. As a user of this website, you are permitted to view this paper on-line, download the .pdf file and print one copy of this papers at no cost for your use only. The downloaded .pdf file and printout of this SAE papers may not be copied, distributed or forwarded to others or for the use of others.
Keywords: emissions; cold start; urban driving; exhaust
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Process, Environmental and Materials Engineering (Leeds) > Energy and Resources Research Institute (Leeds)
Depositing User: Hu Li
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2014 23:07
Published Version: http://www.sae.org/technical/papers/2005-01-3896
Status: Published
Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: SAE Paper # 2005-01-3896
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/2041

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