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Sperm mobility determines the outcome of sperm competition in the domestic fowl

Birkhead, T.R., Martinez, J.G., Burke, T. and Froman, D.P. (1999) Sperm mobility determines the outcome of sperm competition in the domestic fowl. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B: Biological Sciences, 266 (1430). p. 1759. ISSN 1471-2954


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The aim of this study was to establish whether the mobility of sperm of the domestic fowl, as measured by an in vitro assay, predicted the outcome of sperm competition. Thirteen pairs of New Hampshire roosters, comprising one male categorized as having high-mobility sperm and the other as having average-mobility sperm, were used. Each male provided 25 times 106 sperm, which were mixed and artificially inseminated into between four and seven New Hampshire hens, each of which produced 2 to 11 offspring. The experiment was conducted twice, such that the same pair of males inseminated the same females. Paternity was assigned by using microsatellite markers. There was a clear effect of sperm-mobility phenotype on the outcome of sperm competition: in all 13 pairs the high-mobility male fathered the majority of offspring (73.3% overall; p < 0.0001). The proportion of offspring fathered by the high-mobility male within pairs varied significantly between male pairs (p < 0.0005). This effect was associated with the difference in sperm-mobility scores between males within pairs: there was a significant positive relationship between the proportion of offspring fathered by the high-mobility male and the ratio of mobility scores between males (p < 0.05). In addition, compared with their success predicted from the non-competitive situation, in the competitive situation high-mobility males were disproportionately successful in fertilizing eggs compared with average-mobility males. This may occur because female sperm storage is limited in some way and a greater proportion of high-mobility sperm gain access to the female's sperm storage tubules. There was no evidence that female effects accounted for any of the variation in paternity.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 1999 The Royal Society
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Biological Sciences (Sheffield) > Department of Animal and Plant Sciences (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2005
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2014 15:04
Published Version: http://www.journals.royalsoc.ac.uk/openurl.asp?gen...
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1098/rspb.1999.0843
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/198

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