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Nonequilibrium electron heating in inter-subband terahertz lasers

Kinsler, P., Kelsall, R.W. and Harrison, P. (2002) Nonequilibrium electron heating in inter-subband terahertz lasers. Journal of Applied Physics, 91 (3). pp. 904-910. ISSN 1089-7550

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Abstract

Inter-subband laser performance can be critically dependent on the nature of the electron distributions in each subband. In these first Monte Carlo device simulations of optically pumped inter-subband THz lasers, we can see that there are two main causes of electron heating: intersubband decay processes, and inter-subband energy transfer from the "hot" nonequilibrium tails of lower subbands. These processes mean that devices relying on low electron temperatures are disrupted by electron heating, to the extent that slightly populated subbands can have average energies far in excess of the that of either the lattice or other subbands. However, although these heating effects invalidate designs relying on low temperature electron distributions, we see that population inversion is still possible in the high-THz range at 77 K in both stepped and triple-well structures, and that our 11.7 THz triple-well structure even promises inversion at 300 K. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2002 American Institute of Physics. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering (Leeds) > Institute of Microwaves and Photonics (Leeds)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2006
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:03
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1428101
Status: Published
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1063/1.1428101
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1684

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