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Dietary aflatoxin exposure and impaired growth in young children from Benin and Togo: cross sectional study

Gong, Y.Y., Cardwell, K., Hounsa, A., Egal, S., Turner, P.C., Hall, A.J. and Wild, C.P. (2002) Dietary aflatoxin exposure and impaired growth in young children from Benin and Togo: cross sectional study. BMJ, 325 (7354). pp. 20-21. ISSN 0959-8138

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Abstract

Fetal and early childhood environment, including the nutritional status of the pregnant mother and the infant, are considered critical for growth and risk of disease in later life. Many people in developing coun­ tries are not only malnourished but also chronically exposed to high levels of toxic fungal metabolites (mycotoxins). One family of mycotoxins, the aflatoxins, are carcinogenic and immunotoxic and cause growth retardation in animals. Aflatoxins contaminate staple foods in West Africa, particularly maize and ground­ nuts, as a result of hot, humid storage conditions that promote fungal growth. High exposure to aflatoxins occurs throughout childhood in the region, suggest­ ing that growth and development could be critically affected.We assessed exposure to aflatoxins in relation to anthropometric measures in children in Benin and Togo.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © BMJ 2002
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Medicine and Health (Leeds) > School of Medicine (Leeds) > Academic Unit of Epidemiology and Health Services Research (Leeds)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2004
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:01
Published Version: http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/325/7354/20
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1136/bmj.325.7354.20
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/154

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