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Adiabatic motion of a neutral spinning particle in an inhomogeneous magnetic field

Littlejohn, Robert and Weigert, S. (orcid.org/0000-0002-6647-3252) (1993) Adiabatic motion of a neutral spinning particle in an inhomogeneous magnetic field. Physical Review A. pp. 924-940. ISSN 1094-1622

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The motion of a neutral particle with a magnetic moment in an inhomogeneous magnetic field is considered. This situation, occurring, for example, in a Stern-Gerlach experiment, is investigated from classical and semiclassical points of view. It is assumed that the magnetic field is strong or slowly varying in space, i.e., that adiabatic conditions hold. To the classical model, a systematic Lie-transform perturbation technique is applied up to second order in the adiabatic-expansion parameter. The averaged classical Hamiltonian contains not only terms representing fictitious electric and magnetic fields but also an additional velocity-dependent potential. The Hamiltonian of the quantum-mechanical system is diagonalized by means of a systematic WKB analysis for coupled wave equations up to second order in the adiabaticity parameter, which is coupled to Planck’s constant. An exact term-by-term correspondence with the averaged classical Hamiltonian is established, thus confirming the relevance of the additional velocity-dependent second-order contribution.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 1993 The American Physical Society. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Mathematics (York)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2016 08:45
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.48.924
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1361

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