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Performance of Three Resin Based Materials for Treating Uranium Contaminated Groundwater within a PRB.

Barton, C.S., Stewart, D.I., Morris, K. and Bryant, D.E. (2004) Performance of Three Resin Based Materials for Treating Uranium Contaminated Groundwater within a PRB. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 116 (3). pp. 191-204. ISSN 0304-3894

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Three materials that are designed to treat uranium-contaminated water were investigated. These are a cation exchange resin, IRN 77; an anion exchange resin, Varion AP; and a recently developed material called PANSIL (quartz sand coated with 2% amidoxime resin by weight). The reaction rate, capacity, and effective pH range of the three materials are reported. The capacity and conditional distribution coefficient in neutral, uranyl-contaminated synthetic groundwater containing carbonate are also reported. The suitability of each material for treating uranium-contaminated groundwater using a permeable reactive barrier (PRB) approach is then discussed. All three materials react rapidly in the pH range 5–7, reaching equilibrium in less than 4 h at ~23◦C. The unconditioned cation exchange resin removed 8 g UO22+ per kg of resin from neutral synthetic groundwater containing 30 mg/l of UO22+, but a lower capacity is anticipated in groundwater with either higher ionic strength or lower UO22+ concentrations. It operates by first acidifying the solution, then sorbing UO22+, and can release UO22+ when its buffering capacity has been exhausted. The anion exchange resin is very effective at removing anionic uranyl carbonate species from solutions with a pH above 5, with good specificity. Up to 50 g/kg of uranium is removed from contaminated groundwater at neutral pH. PANSIL is effective at sequestering cationic and neutral uranyl species from solutions in the pH range 4.5–7.5, with very good specificity. The capacity of PANSIL is pH-dependent, increasing from about 0.4 g/kg at pH 4.5, to about 1 g/kg at pH 6, and 1.5 g/kg around pH 7.5. In neutral groundwater containing carbonate, both the anion exchange resin and PANSIL exhibit conditional distribution coefficients exceeding 1470 ml/g, which is about an order of magnitude higher than comparable reactive barrier materials reported in the literature.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Journal of Hazardous Materials.
Keywords: Groundwater; Reaction rate; Ion exchange resin; Permeable reactive barrier; Uranium; Groundwater remediation; Adsorption
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Civil Engineering (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > School of Earth and Environment (Leeds) > Environment (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences (Leeds) > School of Chemistry (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Civil Engineering (Leeds) > Inst for Pathogen Control Engineering (Leeds)
Depositing User: Douglas I Stewart
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2014 02:47
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.08.028
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.08.028
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1328

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