Beckerman, A.P., Benton, T.G., Lapsley, C.T. and Koesters, N. (2006) How effective are maternal effects at having effects? Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 273 (1585). pp. 485-493. ISSN 1471-2954Full text available as:
Available under licence : See the attached licence file.
The well studied trade-off between offspring size and offspring number assumes that offspring fitness increases with increasing per-offspring investment. Where mothers differ genetically or exhibit plastic variation in reproductive effort, there can be variation in per capita investment in offspring, and via this trade-off, variation in fecundity. Variation in per capita investment will affect juvenile performance directly—a classical maternal effect—while variation in fecundity will also affect offspring performance by altering the offsprings' competitive environment. The importance of this trade-off, while a focus of evolutionary research, is not often considered in discussions about population dynamics. Here, we use a factorial experiment to determine what proportion of variation in offspring performance can be ascribed to maternal effects and what proportion to the competitive environment linked to the size–number trade-off. Our results suggest that classical maternal effects are significant, but that in our system, the competitive environment, which is linked to maternal environments by fecundity, can be a far more substantial influence.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||© 2006 The Royal Society|
|Keywords:||Sancasania berlesei, maternal effects, size–number trade-off, delayed life history effect|
|Institution:||The University of Sheffield, The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Biological Sciences (Sheffield) > Department of Animal and Plant Sciences (Sheffield)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Biological Sciences (Leeds) > Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology (Leeds)
|Depositing User:||Repository Officer|
|Date Deposited:||19 Jun 2006|
|Last Modified:||13 Jun 2014 06:17|
|Publisher:||The Royal Society|