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Dynein structure and power stroke

Burgess, S.A., Walker, M.L., Sakakibara, H., Knight, P.J. and Oiwa, K. (2003) Dynein structure and power stroke. Nature, 421 (6924). pp. 715-718. ISSN 0028-0836

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Dynein ATPases are microtubule motors that are critical to diverse processes such as vesicle transport and the beating of sperm tails; however, their mechanism of force generation is unknown. Each dynein comprises a head, from which a stalk and a stem emerge. Here we use electron microscopy and image processing to reveal new structural details of dynein c, an isoform from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii flagella, at the start and end of its power stroke. Both stem and stalk are flexible, and the stem connects to the head by means of a linker approximately 10 nm long that we propose lies across the head. With both ADP and vanadate bound, the stem and stalk emerge from the head 10 nm apart. However, without nucleotide they emerge much closer together owing to a change in linker orientation, and the coiled-coil stalk becomes stiffer. The net result is a shortening of the molecule coupled to an approximately 15-nm displacement of the tip of the stalk. These changes indicate a mechanism for the dynein power stroke.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2003 Nature Publishing Group
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > University of Leeds Research Centres and Institutes > Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Biological Sciences (Leeds) > School of Molecular and Cellular Biology (Leeds)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2015 18:59
Published Version: http://www.nature.com/nature
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1038/nature01377
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/116

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