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Optically pumped intersublevel midinfrared lasers based on InAs-GaAs quantum dots

Vukmirovic, N., Ikonic, Z., Jovanovic, V.D., Indjin, D. and Harrison, P. (2005) Optically pumped intersublevel midinfrared lasers based on InAs-GaAs quantum dots. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 41 (11). pp. 1361-1368. ISSN 0018-9197

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Abstract

We propose an optically pumped laser based on intersublevel transitions in InAs-GaAs pyramidal self-Assembled quantum dots. A theoretical rate equations model of the laser is given in order to predict the dependence of the gain on pumping flux and temperature. The energy levels and wave functions were calculated using the 8-band k . p method where the symmetry of the pyramid was exploited to reduce the computational complexity. Carrier dynamics in the laser were modeled by taking both electron-longitudinal optical phonon and electron-longitudinal acoustic phonon interactions into account. The proposed laser emits at 14.6 μm with a gain of g ≈ 570 cm(-1) at the pumping flux Φ= 10(24) cm(-2) s(-1) and a temperature of T = 77 K. By varying the size of the investigated dots, laser emission in the spectral range 13-21 μm is predicted. In comparison to optically pumped lasers based on quantum wells, an advantage of the proposed type of laser is a lower pumping flux, due to the longer carrier lifetime in quantum dots, and also that both surface and edge emission are possible. The appropriate waveguide and cavity designs are presented, and by comparing the calculated values of the gain with the estimated losses, lasing is predicted even at room temperature for all the quantum dots investigated.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2005 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: intraband transitions, mid-infrared, optically pumped lasers, quantum dots
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering (Leeds) > Institute of Microwaves and Photonics (Leeds)
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:02
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JQE.2005.856077
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1109/JQE.2005.856077
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1119

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