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Determinants of physical activity promotion by smoking cessation advisors as an aid for quitting: Support for the Transtheoretical Model

Everson, Emma S, Taylor, Adrian H and Ussher, Michael (2010) Determinants of physical activity promotion by smoking cessation advisors as an aid for quitting: Support for the Transtheoretical Model. Patient Education and Counseling, 78 (1). pp. 53-56. ISSN 0738-3991

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Objectives: Physical activity (PA) can reduce cigarette cravings and aid quitting but little is known about its promotion by smoking cessation advisors. This study aimed to: (1) determine the extent to which smoking cessation advisors promote PA; and (2) examine the relationship between PA promotion as a cessation aid and advisor characteristics and cognitions, within the Transtheoretical Model (TM) framework. Methods: Self-report surveys assessing PA promotion, TM variables, advisors’ own PA levels and demographics were completed by 170 advisors in England and Scotland. Results: Advisors reported spending 29 minutes promoting PA over a 6/7-week clinic. Those in later stages of readiness for promoting PA as a cessation aid and those spending more time promoting PA held more positive beliefs regarding pros and cons, self-efficacy, outcome efficacy and importance of PA within smoking cessation. Time spent promoting PA and stage of readiness were strongly associated. There was a trend for the more physically active advisors to promote PA more often. Conclusions: About half the advisors promoted PA and TM variables predicted this variability. Practice Implications: PA promotion among smoking cessation advisors may be facilitated by enhancing self-efficacy, outcome efficacy and pro and con-beliefs related to PA promotion.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2010 Elsevier. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in Patient Education and Counseling. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Keywords: multiple health behaviour change, stage of change, self-efficacy, outcome efficacy, pros and cons, lifestyle, counseling, exercise, beliefs
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Health and Related Research (Sheffield) > Section of Public Health (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Dr Emma S Everson-Hock
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2010 08:26
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 17:00
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2009.05.004
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.pec.2009.05.004
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/11057

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