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Hubbard model as an approximation to the entanglement in nanostructures

Coe, J. P., Franca, V. V. and D'Amico, I. (2010) Hubbard model as an approximation to the entanglement in nanostructures. Physical Review A. 052321. -. ISSN 1094-1622

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We investigate how well the one-dimensional Hubbard model describes the entanglement of particles trapped in a string of quantum wells. We calculate the average single-site entanglement for two particles interacting via a contact interaction and consider the effect of varying the interaction strength and the interwell distance. We compare the results with the ones obtained within the one-dimensional Hubbard model with on-site interaction. We suggest an upper bound for the average single-site entanglement for two electrons in M wells and discuss analytical limits for very large repulsive and attractive interactions. We investigate how the interplay between interaction and potential shape in the quantum-well system dictates the position and size of the entanglement maxima and the agreement with the theoretical limits. Finally, we calculate the spatial entanglement for the quantum-well system and compare it to its average single-site entanglement.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2010 American Physical Society. This is an author produced version of a paper published in PHYSICAL REVIEW A . Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self archiving policy.
Keywords: QUANTUM-DOT,TRANSITION,Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Physics (York)
Depositing User: Repository Administrator York
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2010 18:48
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2016 00:01
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.81.052321
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/10930

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