Carpenter, D., Ringrose, C., Leo, V., Morris, A., Robinson, R.L., Halsall, P.J., Hopkins, P.M. and Shaw, M.A. (2009) The role of CACNA1S in predisposition to malignant hyperthermia. BMC Medical Genetics , 10. ISSN 1471-2350
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an inherited pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle, characterised by an elevated calcium release from the skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. The dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) plays an essential role in excitation-contraction coupling and calcium homeostasis in skeletal muscle. This study focuses on the gene CACNA1S which encodes the α1 subunit of the DHPR, in order to establish whether CACNA1S plays a major role in MH susceptibility in the UK.
METHODS We investigate the CACNA1S locus in detail in 50 independent MH patients, the largest study to date, to identify novel variants that may predispose to disease and also to characterise the haplotype structure across CACNA1S.
RESULTS We present CACNA1S cDNA sequencing data from 50 MH patients in whom RYR1 mutations have been excluded, and subsequent mutation screening analysis. Furthermore we present haplotype analysis of unphased CACNA1S SNPs to (1) assess CACNA1S haplotype frequency differences between susceptible MH cases and a European control group and (2) analyse population-based association via clustering of CACNA1S haplotypes based on disease risk.
CONCLUSION The study identified a single potentially pathogenic change in CACNA1S (p.Arg174Trp), and highlights that the haplotype structure across CACNA1S is diverse, with a high degree of variability.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||© 2009 Carpenter et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Biological Sciences (Leeds) > Institute of Integrative and Comparative Biology (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Sherpa Assistant|
|Date Deposited:||06 May 2010 09:32|
|Last Modified:||24 Jun 2014 09:35|