White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

Fragments of the earliest land plants

Wellman, C.H., Osterloff, P.L. and Mohiuddin, U. (2003) Fragments of the earliest land plants. Nature, 425 (6955). pp. 282-285. ISSN 0028-0836


Download (382Kb)
Published Version: http://www.nature.com/nature


The earliest fossil evidence for land plants comes from microscopic dispersed spores. These microfossils are abundant and widely distributed in sediments, and the earliest generally accepted reports are from rocks of mid-Ordovician age (Llanvirn, 475 million years ago). Although distribution, morphology and ultrastructure of the spores indicate that they are derived from terrestrial plants, possibly early relatives of the bryophytes, this interpretation remains controversial as there is little in the way of direct evidence for the parent plants. An additional complicating factor is that there is a significant hiatus between the appearance of the first dispersed spores and fossils of relatively complete land plants (megafossils): spores predate the earliest megafossils (Late Silurian, 425 million year ago) by some 50 million years. Here we report the description of spore-containing plant fragments from Ordovician rocks of Oman. These fossils provide direct evidence for the nature of the spore-producing plants. They confirm that the earliest spores developed in large numbers within sporangia, providing strong evidence that they are the fossilized remains of bona fide land plants. Furthermore, analysis of spore wall ultrastructure supports liverwort affinities.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2003 Nature Publishing Group
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Biological Sciences (Sheffield) > Department of Animal and Plant Sciences (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2004
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2014 15:44
Published Version: http://www.nature.com/nature
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1038/nature01884
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/106

Actions (repository staff only: login required)