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Large amplitude oscillation of an erupting filament as seen in EUV, H-alpha and microwave observations

Isobe, H., Tripathi, D., Asai, A. and Jain, R. (2007) Large amplitude oscillation of an erupting filament as seen in EUV, H-alpha and microwave observations. Solar Physics, 246 (1). pp. 89-99. ISSN 1573-093X

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Abstract

We present multiwavelength observations of a large-amplitude oscillation of a polar-crown filament on 15 October 2002, which has been reported by Isobe and Tripathi (Astron. Astrophys. 449, L17, 2006). The oscillation occurred during the slow rise (≈1 km s−1) of the filament. It completed three cycles before sudden acceleration and eruption. The oscillation and following eruption were clearly seen in observations recorded by the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) onboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). The oscillation was seen only in a part of the filament, and it appears to be a standing oscillation rather than a propagating wave. The amplitudes of velocity and spatial displacement of the oscillation in the plane of the sky were about 5 km s−1 and 15 000 km, respectively. The period of oscillation was about two hours and did not change significantly during the oscillation. The oscillation was also observed in Hα by the Flare Monitoring Telescope at the Hida Observatory. We determine the three-dimensional motion of the oscillation from the Hα wing images. The maximum line-of-sight velocity was estimated to be a few tens of kilometers per second, although the uncertainty is large owing to the lack of line-profile information. Furthermore, we also identified the spatial displacement of the oscillation in 17-GHz microwave images from Nobeyama Radio Heliograph (NoRH). The filament oscillation seems to be triggered by magnetic reconnection between a filament barb and nearby emerging magnetic flux as was evident from the MDI magnetogram observations. No flare was observed to be associated with the onset of the oscillation. We also discuss possible implications of the oscillation as a diagnostic tool for the eruption mechanisms. We suggest that in the early phase of eruption a part of the filament lost its equilibrium first, while the remaining part was still in an equilibrium and oscillated.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © Springer 2007. This is an author produced version of a paper published in 'Solar Physics'. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Mathematics and Statistics (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Mrs Megan Hobbs
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2010 13:07
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2014 02:50
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11207-007-9091-6
Status: Published
Publisher: Springer
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1007/s11207-007-9091-6
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/10496

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