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Acoustic wave propagation in the solar sub-photosphere with localised magnetic field concentration: effect of magnetic tension

Shelyag, S., Zharkov, S., Fedun, V., Erdelyi, R. and Thompson, M.J. (2009) Acoustic wave propagation in the solar sub-photosphere with localised magnetic field concentration: effect of magnetic tension. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 501 (2). pp. 735-743. ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

Aims: We analyse numerically the propagation and dispersion of acoustic waves in the solar-like sub-photosphere with localised non-uniform magnetic field concentrations, mimicking sunspots with various representative magnetic field configurations. Methods: Numerical simulations of wave propagation through the solar sub-photosphere with a localised magnetic field concentration are carried out using SAC, which solves the MHD equations for gravitationally stratified plasma. The initial equilibrium density and pressure stratifications are derived from a standard solar model. Acoustic waves are generated by a source located at the height corresponding approximately to the visible surface of the Sun. By means of local helioseismology we analyse the response of vertical velocity at the level corresponding to the visible solar surface to changes induced by magnetic field in the interior. Results: The results of numerical simulations of acoustic wave propagation and dispersion in the solar sub-photosphere with localised magnetic field concentrations of various types are presented. Time-distance diagrams of the vertical velocity perturbation at the level corresponding to the visible solar surface show that the magnetic field perturbs and scatters acoustic waves and absorbs the acoustic power of the wave packet. For the weakly magnetised case, the effect of magnetic field is mainly thermodynamic, since the magnetic field changes the temperature stratification. However, we observe the signature of slow magnetoacoustic mode, propagating downwards, for the strong magnetic field cases.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © ESO 2009. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Mathematics and Statistics (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Prof Michael J. Thompson
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2010 17:44
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:59
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200911709
Status: Published
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1051/0004-6361/200911709
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/10347

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