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Exploring hypotheses of the actions of TGF-beta 1 in epidermal wound healing using a 3D computational multiscale model of the human epidermis

Sun, T., Adra, S., Smallwood, R., Holcombe, M. and MacNeil, S. (2009) Exploring hypotheses of the actions of TGF-beta 1 in epidermal wound healing using a 3D computational multiscale model of the human epidermis. Plos One, 4 (12). Art No.e8515. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

In vivo and in vitro studies give a paradoxical picture of the actions of the key regulatory factor TGF-beta 1 in epidermal wound healing with it stimulating migration of keratinocytes but also inhibiting their proliferation. To try to reconcile these into an easily visualized 3D model of wound healing amenable for experimentation by cell biologists, a multiscale model of the formation of a 3D skin epithelium was established with TGF-beta 1 literature-derived rule sets and equations embedded within it. At the cellular level, an agent-based bottom-up model that focuses on individual interacting units ( keratinocytes) was used. This was based on literature-derived rules governing keratinocyte behavior and keratinocyte/ECM interactions. The selection of these rule sets is described in detail in this paper. The agent-based model was then linked with a subcellular model of TGF-beta 1 production and its action on keratinocytes simulated with a complex pathway simulator. This multiscale model can be run at a cellular level only or at a combined cellular/subcellular level. It was then initially challenged ( by wounding) to investigate the behavior of keratinocytes in wound healing at the cellular level. To investigate the possible actions of TGF-beta 1, several hypotheses were then explored by deliberately manipulating some of these rule sets at subcellular levels. This exercise readily eliminated some hypotheses and identified a sequence of spatial-temporal actions of TGF-beta 1 for normal successful wound healing in an easy-to-follow 3D model. We suggest this multiscale model offers a valuable, easy-to-visualize aid to our understanding of the actions of this key regulator in wound healing, and provides a model that can now be used to explore pathologies of wound healing.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2009 Sun et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: Growth-Factor-Beta; Basement-Membrane Formation; Extracellular-Matrix; In-Vitro; Transforming Growth-Factor-Beta-1; Human Keratinocytes; Transgenic Mice; Epithelial Homeostasis; Cell-Proliferation; Signaling Pathways
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Department of Computer Science (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Department of Materials Science and Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Miss Anthea Tucker
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2010 10:19
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:59
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008515
Status: Published
Publisher: Public Library Science
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008515
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/10268

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