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Dietary regulation of hypodermal polyploidization in C. elegans

Tain, L.S., Lozano, E., Sáez, A.G. and Leroi, A.M. (2008) Dietary regulation of hypodermal polyploidization in C. elegans. BMC Developmental Biology, 8 (1). p. 28. ISSN 1471-213X

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dietary restriction (DR) results in increased longevity, reduced fecundity and reduced growth in many organisms. Though many studies have examined the effects of DR on longevity and fecundity, few have investigated the effects on growth.

RESULTS:

Here we use Caenorhabditis elegans to determine the mechanisms that regulate growth under DR. We show that rather than a reduction in cell number, decreased growth in wild type C. elegans under DR is correlated with lower levels of hypodermal polyploidization. We also show that mutants lacking wild type sensory ciliated neurons are small, exhibit hypo-polyploidization and more importantly, when grown under DR, reduce their levels of endoreduplication to a lesser extent than wild type, suggesting that these neurons are required for the regulation of hypodermal polyploidization in response to DR. Similarly, we also show that the cGMP-dependent protein kinase EGL-4 and the SMA/MAB signalling pathway regulate polyploidization under DR.

CONCLUSION:

We show C. elegans is capable of actively responding to food levels to regulate adult ploidy. We suggest this response is dependent on the SMA/MAB signalling pathway.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2008 Tain et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Biological Sciences (Sheffield) > Department of Biomedical Science (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Sheffield Import
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2009 12:26
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2009 12:26
Published Version: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-213X/8/28
Status: Published
Publisher: BioMed Central
Identification Number: 10.1186/1471-213X-8-28
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/9750

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