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The effect of structural redundancy in validation sets on virtual screening performance

Clark, R.D., Shepphird, J.K. and Holliday, J.D. (2009) The effect of structural redundancy in validation sets on virtual screening performance. Journal of Chemometrics. ISSN 0886-9383

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Abstract

The performance of a classification model is often assessed in terms of how well it separates a set of known observations into appropriate classes. If the validation sets used for such analyses are redundant due to bias in sampling, the relevance of the conclusions drawn to prospective work in which new kinds of positives are sought may be compromised. In the case of the various virtual screening techniques used in modern drug discovery, such bias generally appears as over-representation of particular structural subclasses in the test set. We show how clustering by substructural similarity, followed by applying arithmetic and harmonic weighting schemes to receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, can be used to identify validation sets that are biased due to such redundancies. This can be accomplished qualitatively by direct examination or quantitatively by comparing the areas under the respective linear or semilog curves (AUCs or pAUCs). Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: docking; circular fingerprints; clustering; ROC; validation
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > Information School (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Information Studies
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2009 11:03
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2009 13:11
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cem.1240
Status: Published
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Identification Number: 10.1002/cem.1240
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/9257

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