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Predicting smokers' non-compliance with smoking restrictions in public places

Lazuras, L., Eiser, J.R. and Rodafinos, A. (2009) Predicting smokers' non-compliance with smoking restrictions in public places. Tobacco Control, 18 (2). pp. 127-131. ISSN 0964-4563

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Objective: The present study aimed to identify the predictors of non-compliance with smoking restrictions among Greek college student smokers. Differences in attitudes to smoking bans and tobacco control policies between current smokers and non-smokers were also examined. Methods: Data were collected from college students (n = 229, mean (SD) age 21.27 (3.15) years). Measures included tobacco dependence, attitudes to tobacco control policies, outcome expectancy and normative beliefs.

Results: The majority of current smokers reported noncompliance with existing restrictions. Logistic regression analysis showed that non-compliance was significantly predicted by (less) anticipated regret from tobacco-related health harm, tobacco dependence and perceived prevalence and social acceptability of smoking. Analysis of variance indicated that current non-smokers held significantly more positive attitudes to smoking bans and tobacco control policies than current smokers.

Conclusions: Smoking was highly prevalent, and more than half of current smokers reported not complying with existing regulations in public places. Smokers' attitudes to smoking bans and tobacco control policies did not have an effect on compliance behaviour. Future policies to promote compliance with smoking restrictions in Greece should target health-related anticipated regret, and perceived social norms.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2009 BMJ Publishing. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in Tobacco Control. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Department of Psychology (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Miss Anthea Tucker
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2009 16:22
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:58
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tc.2008.025841
Status: Published
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1136/tc.2008.025841
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/8533

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