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Male and female reasoning biases and offending behaviour

Moore, S.C., Harris, R., McDougall, C. and Clarbour, J. (2003) Male and female reasoning biases and offending behaviour. Journal of Criminal Justice, 31 ( 6). pp. 497-509. ISSN 0047-2352

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Although the majority of the general population decides not to offend, a significant proportion decides otherwise. The research presented in this article explores whether offenders reason in manners that are comparable with a non-offender population, or if their decision to offend may be a consequence of inappropriate reasoning strategies. Psychologists have observed systematic deviations from logical predictions of reasoning behavior on a variety of tasks and that content specific information can have marked effects on reasoning behavior. Established reasoning tasks were adapted for use in a crime specific context to examine whether such biases were apparent in an offender population. Moreover, given a paucity of research into gender differences, the research conducted balanced for gender in a methodologically rigorous design. Data suggested that reasoning biases found with non-offender populations extended to an offender population and some interactions by gender and by offender group were noted. Implications of the results are discussed with suggestions on how the research may be extended and implications for policy.

Item Type: Article
Institution: The University of York
Academic Units: The University of York > Centre for Criminal Justice Economics and Psychology (York)
The University of York > Psychology (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2009 10:50
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2009 10:50
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2003.08.007
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V.
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2003.08.007
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6535

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