Delmelle, P., Stix, J., Bourque, C.P.A., Baxter, P.J., Garcia-Alvarez, J. and Barquero, J. (2001) Dry deposition and heavy acid loading in the vicinity of Masaya volcano, a major sulfur and chlorine source in Nicaragua. Environmental Science & Technology, 35 (7). pp. 1289-1293. ISSN 1064-3389
Certain volcanoes constitute the world's largest sources of SO2, HCl, and HF emissions and contribute significantly to regional acid deposition. However, the impact of volcanic acid emissions to nearby ecosystems remain poorly documented. In this paper, the spatial pattern of acid dry depositions was monitored within 44 km of Masaya Volcano, Nicaragua, with a network of sulfation plates. Measured SO2 deposition rates were <2−791 mg m-2 day-1. The plates also collected the dry deposition of HCl at rates of <1−297 mg m-2 day-1. A similar deposition velocity Vd (gas transfer) of 1.6 ± 0.8 cm/s was calculated for SO2 and HCl above the plate surfaces. Quantities of SO2 and HCl deposited daily within the area surveyed amounted to 1.5 × 108 g and 5.7 × 107 g, respectively, which correspond to about 10% of the total SO2 and HCl released by the volcano. These depositions may generate an equivalent hydrogen flux ranging from <1 to 30 mg m-2 day-1. Our results demonstrate that volcano emissions can dramatically affect acid deposition downwind and in turn cause extreme acid loading of the local ecosystems. This study opens exciting prospects for investigating the sensivity of volcanic ash soils to acid inputs.
|Institution:||The University of York|
|Academic Units:||The University of York > Environment (York)|
|Depositing User:||York RAE Import|
|Date Deposited:||29 May 2009 15:14|
|Last Modified:||29 May 2009 15:14|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|