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The structure of working memory from 4 to 15 years of age

Gathercole, S.E., Pickering, S.J., Ambridge, B. and Wearing, H. (2004) The structure of working memory from 4 to 15 years of age. Developmental Psychology, 40 (2). pp. 177-190. ISSN 0012-1649

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Abstract

The structure of working memory and its development across the childhood years were investigated in children 4-15 years of age. The children were given multiple assessments of each component of the A. D. Baddeley and G. Hitch (1974) working memory model. Broadly similar linear functions characterized performance on all measures as a function of age. From 6 years onward, a model consisting of 3 distinct but correlated factors corresponding to the working memory model provided a good fit to the data. The results indicate that the basic modular structure of working memory is present from 6 years of age and possibly earlier, with each component undergoing sizable expansion in functional capacity throughout the early and middle school years to adolescence.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of York > Psychology (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2009 15:11
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2009 15:11
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.40.2.177
Status: Published
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Identification Number: 10.1037/0012-1649.40.2.177
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/5942

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