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Leptin Indirectly Activates Human Neutrophils via Induction of TNF-α

Zarkesh-Esfahani, H., Pockley, A.G., Wu, Z., Hellewell, P.G., Weetman, A.P. and Ross, R.J.M. (2004) Leptin Indirectly Activates Human Neutrophils via Induction of TNF-α. Journal of Immunology, 172 (3). pp. 1809-1814. ISSN 1550-6606

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Leptin, the satiety hormone, appears to act as a link between nutritional status and immune function. It has been shown to elicit a number of immunoregulatory effects, including the promotion of T cell proliferative responses, and the induction of proinflammatory cytokines. Leptin deficiency is associated with an increased susceptibility to infection. As polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) play a major role in innate immunity and host defense against infection, this study evaluated the influence of leptin on PMN activation. The presence of leptin receptor in human PMN was determined both at mRNA and protein levels, and the effect of leptin on PMN activation, as assessed by CD11b expression, was evaluated using flow cytometry. In contrast to monocytes, which express both the short and long forms of the leptin receptor (Ob-Ra and Ob-Rb, respectively), PMN expressed only Ob-Ra. Leptin up-regulated the expression of CD11b, an early marker of PMN activation, on PMN in whole blood, yet it had no effect on purified PMN, even those treated by submaximal doses of TNF-α or PMA. The kinetics of leptin-induced activation in whole blood were consistent with an indirect effect mediated by monocytes, and 71% of the leptin-stimulatory effect on PMN was blocked by a TNF-α inhibitor. Leptin-mediated induction of CD11b expression was observed when purified PMN were coincubated with purified monocytes. In conclusion, although leptin activates PMN, it does so indirectly via TNF-α release from monocytes. These findings provide an additional link among the obesity-derived hormone leptin, innate immune function, and infectious disease.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2004 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.
Institution: The University of Sheffield
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Medicine (Sheffield) > Clinical Sciences Division North (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2005
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2013 16:47
Published Version: http://www.jimmunol.org/cgi/content/full/172/3/180...
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/583

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