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Comparison of CHOP versus CIOP in good prognosis younger patients with histologically aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Burton, C., Smith, P., Vaughan-Hudson, G., Qian, W., Hoskin, P., Cunningham, D., Hancock, B. and Linch, D. (2005) Comparison of CHOP versus CIOP in good prognosis younger patients with histologically aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. British Journal of Haematology, 130 (4). pp. 536-541. ISSN 0007-1048

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Abstract

CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone) has been the standard chemotherapy regimen used for diffuse large cell lymphomas for over 30 years. Idarubicin is a 4-demethoxy-anthracycline analogue of daunorubicin that has proven activity in non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and has been reported to cause less cardiotoxicity. We therefore initiated a randomised trial of standard dose CHOP versus CIOP (cyclophosphamide, idarubicin, vincristine and prednisolone), in which doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 was substituted by idarubicin 10 mg/m2, a dose thought to have equivalent anti-lymphoma activity. This trial was closed prematurely after 211 patients had completed therapy when a lower complete remission (CR) rate was noted in the CIOP arm. The formal results with long-term follow up are now reported. Overall response rate was 84% in the CHOP arm and 78% in the CIOP arm, CR rates were 70% and 52% respectively in all patients (P = 0·013) and 73% and 52% respectively for the eligible patients (P = 0·0084). At a median of 8 years follow-up, 4-year progression-free survival for all patients was 56% in the CHOP arm and 40% in the CIOP arm (P = 0·0096). Overall survival for all patients was 65% in the CHOP arm and 56% in the CIOP arm (P = 0·14). Results for eligible patients were comparable. CIOP containing idarubicin at a dose of 10 mg/m2 is clearly inferior to standard CHOP.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of York > Health Sciences (York)
Depositing User: York RAE Import
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2009 15:10
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2009 15:10
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2005.05640.x
Status: Published
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Identification Number: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2005.05640.x
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/5787

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