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The global impact of income inequality on health by age: an observational study

Dorling, D., Mitchell, R. and Pearce, J. (2007) The global impact of income inequality on health by age: an observational study. BMJ, 335 (7625). pp. 873-875. ISSN 0959-8146

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Abstract

Objectives: To explore whether the apparent impact of income inequality on health, which has been shown for wealthier nations, is replicated worldwide, and whether the impact varies by age.

Design: Observational study.

Setting: 126 countries of the world for which complete data on income inequality and mortality by age and sex were available around the year 2002 (including 94.4% of world human population).

Data sources: Data on mortality were from the World Health Organization and income data were taken from the annual reports of the United Nations Development Programme.

Main outcome measures: Mortality in 5-year age bands for each sex by income inequality and income level. Results At ages 15-29 and 25-39 variations in income inequality seem more closely correlated with mortality worldwide than do variations in material wealth. This relation is especially strong among the poorest countries in Africa. Mortality is higher for a given level of overall income in more unequal nations.

Conclusions: Income inequality seems to have an influence worldwide, especially for younger adults. Social inequality seems to have a universal negative impact on health.

Item Type: Article
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > Department of Geography (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2008 19:14
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2008 19:14
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.39349.507315.DE
Status: Published
Publisher: BMJ Publishing
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1136/bmj.39349.507315.DE
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/4814

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