Gardois, Paolo, Calabrese, Roberto, Colombi, Nicoletta, Deplano, Annamaria, Lingua, Carla, Longo, Filomena, Villanacci, Maria Cristina, Miniero, Roberto and Piga, Antonio (2011) Effectiveness of bibliographic searches performed by paediatric residents and interns assisted by librarians. A randomised controlled trial. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 28 (4). pp. 273-284. ISSN 14711834
Background: Considerable barriers still prevent paediatricians from successfully using information retrieval technology.
Objectives: To verify whether the assistance of biomedical librarians significantly improves the outcomes of searches performed by paediatricians in biomedical databases using real-life clinical scenarios.
Methods: In a controlled trial at a paediatric teaching hospital, nine residents and interns were randomly allocated to an assisted search group and nine to a non-assisted (control) group. Each participant searched PubMed and other online sources, performing pre-determined tasks including the formulation of a clinical question, retrieval and selection of bibliographic records. In the assisted group, participants were supported by a librarian with ≥5 years of experience. The primary outcome was the success of search sessions, scored against a specific assessment tool.
Results: The median score of the assisted group was 73.6 points interquartile range (IQR = 13.4) vs. 50.4 (IQR = 17.1) of the control group. The difference between median values in the results was 23.2 points (95% CI 4.8–33.2), in favour of the assisted group (P-value, Mann–Whitney U test: 0.013).
Conclusions: The study has found quantitative evidence of a significant difference in search performance between paediatric residents or interns assisted by a librarian and those searching the literature alone.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||This is an author produced version of a paper accepted for publication in 'Health Information & Libraries Journal'. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The definitive version is available at wileyonlinelibrary.com|
|Keywords:||decision support;evidence based library and information practice;evidence based practice;evidence-based medicine;health science;health services research;information seeking behaviour;librarians;library and information science;reflective practice|
|Institution:||The University of Sheffield|
|Academic Units:||The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health (Sheffield) > School of Health and Related Research (Sheffield)|
|Depositing User:||Mr. Paolo Gardois|
|Date Deposited:||11 Oct 2011 17:45|
|Last Modified:||13 Jun 2014 09:45|