Jackson, LS and Forster, PM (2010) An Empirical Study of Geographic and Seasonal Variations in Diurnal Temperature Range. Journal of Climate, 23 (12). 3205 - 3221 . ISSN 0894-8755Full text available as:
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The diurnal temperature range (DTR) of surface air over land varies geographically and seasonally. The authors have investigated these variations using generalized additive models (GAMs), a nonlinear regression methodology. With DTR as the response variable, meteorological and land surface parameters were treated as explanatory variables. Regression curves related the deviation of DTR from its mean value to values of the meteorological and land surface variables. Cloud cover, soil moisture, distance inland, solar radiation, and elevation were combined as explanatory variables in an ensemble of 84 GAM models that used data grouped into seven vegetation types and 12 months. The ensemble explained 80% of the geographical and seasonal variation in DTR. Vegetation type and cloud cover exhibited the strongest relationships with DTR. Shortwave radiation, distance inland, and elevation were positively correlated with DTR, whereas cloud cover and soil moisture were negatively correlated. A separate analysis of the surface energy budget showed that changes in net longwave radiation represented the effects of solar and hydrological variation on DTR. It is found that vegetation and its associated climate is important for DTR variation in addition to the climatic influence of cloud cover, soil moisture, and solar radiation. It is also found that surface net longwave radiation is a powerful diagnostic of DTR variation, explaining over 95% of the seasonal variation of DTR in tropical regions.
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|Keywords:||SOIL-MOISTURE, LAND-COVER, CLIMATE, SURFACE, MODELS, TRENDS, IMPACT, PRECIPITATION, EVAPORATION, VEGETATION|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > School of Earth and Environment (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Symplectic Publications|
|Date Deposited:||05 Sep 2011 14:56|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2014 14:10|
|Publisher:||AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC|