Lewis, R., Yoxall, A., Marshall, M.B. and Canty, L.A. (2007) Characterising pressure and bruising in apple fruit. Wear, 264 (1-2). pp. 37-46. ISSN 0043-1648Full text available as:
A large percentage of apples are wasted each year due to damage such as bruising. The apple journey from orchard to supermarket is very complex and apples are subjected to a variety of static and dynamic loads that could result in this damage occurring. The aim of this work was to use a novel ultrasonic technique to study apple contact areas and stresses under static loading that may occur, for example, in bulk storage bins used during harvesting. These results were used to identify load thresholds above which unacceptable damage occurs. They were also used to validate output from a finite element model, which will ultimately be developed into a packaging design tool to help reduce the likelihood of apple damage occurring.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||© 2007 Elsevier B.V. This is an author produced version of a paper published in Wear. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.|
|Institution:||The University of Sheffield|
|Academic Units:||The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Department of Mechanical Engineering (Sheffield)|
|Depositing User:||Sherpa Assistant|
|Date Deposited:||25 Jan 2008 15:59|
|Last Modified:||08 Feb 2013 16:55|