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An investigation into the pathogenesis of vulvo-vaginal candidosis

El-Din, S.S., Reynolds, M.T., Ashbee, H.R., Barton, R.C. and Evans, E.G.V. (2001) An investigation into the pathogenesis of vulvo-vaginal candidosis. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 77 (3). pp. 179-183. ISSN 0148-5717

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To monitor yeasts isolated from women during and between episodes of recurrent vulvo-vaginal candidosis (VVC) to determine whether vaginal relapse or re-infection occurred.

METHODS:Women presenting at the genitourinary medicine clinic with signs and symptoms of VVC were recruited to the study (n = 121). A vaginal washing, high vaginal swab (HVS) and rectal swab were taken and the women treated with a single 500 mg clotrimazole pessary.Women were asked to re-attend after 1, 4, and 12 weeks, or when the VVC recurred, when vaginal washings and HVS were repeated. Candida isolates recovered were strain typed using the Ca3 probe and their similarity assessed. Antifungal susceptibility to fluconazole and clotrimazole were determined.

RESULTS: Of the women recruited, 47 completed the study, either returning for four visits or suffering a recurrence during the study period. Of the 22 women who experienced recurrence, the same strain was responsible for the initial and recurrent episode in 17 women. For the remaining five women, four had strain replacement and one had a change of species. None of the isolates recovered from the women demonstrated resistance to either clotrimazole or fluconazole.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the theory of vaginal relapse and thus may support the use of more prolonged courses of antifungal therapy initially to increase the chances of eradication of the yeast.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2001 BMJ Publishing Group
Keywords: vaginal candidosis
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Biological Sciences (Leeds) > Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology (Leeds)
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2014 23:09
Published Version: http://sti.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/77/3/1...
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1136/sti.77.3.179
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/258

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