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Wolcott-Rallison syndrome: pathogenic insights into neonatal diabetes from new mutation and expression studies of EIF2AK3

Brickwood, S., Bonthron, D.T., Al-Gazali, L.I., Piper, K., Hearn, T., Wilson, D.I. and Hanley, N.A. (2003) Wolcott-Rallison syndrome: pathogenic insights into neonatal diabetes from new mutation and expression studies of EIF2AK3. Journal of Medical Genetics, 40 (9). pp. 685-689. ISSN 0022-2593

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Abstract

Wolcott-Rallison syndrome (OMIM 226980) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by permanent insulin requiring diabetes developing in the newborn period or early infancy, an early tendency to skeletal fractures, and spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia. The syndrome results from mutations in the gene encoding the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2-a kinase 3 (EIF2AK3, also called PERK or PEK). This enzyme phosphorylates EIF2A at Ser51 to regulate the synthesis of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. Targeted disruption of the Eif2ak3 gene in mice also causes diabetes because of the accumulation of unfolded proteins triggering b cell apoptosis. Although these murine models have provided significant insight into the pathogenesis of Wolcott-Rallison syndrome, only three human cases have been characterised genetically. Here, we report genetic analysis of two further cases, and demonstrate new features of the expression pattern of human EIF2AK3 that offer possible explanations for important clinical features of the syndrome that are not apparent in the transgenic mouse models.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: © 2003 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Medicine and Health (Leeds) > Institute of Molecular Medicine (LIMM) (Leeds) > Section of Genetics (Leeds)
Depositing User: Sherpa Assistant
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2014 21:03
Published Version: http://jmg.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/40/9/6...
Status: Published
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1136/jmg.40.9.685
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/245

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