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The air quality impact of cordon and distance based road user charging: an empirical study of Leeds, U.K

Mitchell, G., Namdeo, A.K. and Milne, D.S. (2005) The air quality impact of cordon and distance based road user charging: an empirical study of Leeds, U.K. Atmospheric Environment, 39 (33). pp. 6231-6242. ISSN 1352-2310

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Abstract

Traffic assignment, pollutant emission and dispersion models were applied to a major UK city so as to assess the air quality impacts of five road pricing schemes. Schemes were evaluated with reference to: exceedence of air quality standards for six pollutants; greenhouse gas emission; redistribution of pollution, an environmental justice concern; and road network performance as traffic speed and trip distance. Results were compared to alternatives of do nothing, network development and clean fuel promotion. The air quality benefits of a modest distance based charge are highlighted. However, whilst road pricing shows potential as an air quality management tool, its value and suitability are strongly sensitive to prior air quality and emission source apportionment in the application city.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. Uploaded in accordance with the self-archiving policy of the copyright holder. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in 'Atmospheric Environmenty'.
Keywords: air quality management, urban, road pricing, traffic emission, dispersion modelling
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > School of Geography (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds)
Depositing User: Adrian May
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2014 17:34
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.07.005
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.07.005
Related URLs:
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/2030

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