Mitchell, G., Namdeo, A.K. and Milne, D.S. (2005) The air quality impact of cordon and distance based road user charging: an empirical study of Leeds, U.K. Atmospheric Environment, 39 (33). pp. 6231-6242. ISSN 1352-2310
Available under licence : See the attached licence file.
Traffic assignment, pollutant emission and dispersion models were applied to a major UK city so as to assess the air quality impacts of five road pricing schemes. Schemes were evaluated with reference to: exceedence of air quality standards for six pollutants; greenhouse gas emission; redistribution of pollution, an environmental justice concern; and road network performance as traffic speed and trip distance. Results were compared to alternatives of do nothing, network development and clean fuel promotion. The air quality benefits of a modest distance based charge are highlighted. However, whilst road pricing shows potential as an air quality management tool, its value and suitability are strongly sensitive to prior air quality and emission source apportionment in the application city.
|Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information:||Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. Uploaded in accordance with the self-archiving policy of the copyright holder. This is an author produced version of a paper subsequently published in 'Atmospheric Environmenty'.|
|Keywords:||air quality management, urban, road pricing, traffic emission, dispersion modelling|
|Institution:||The University of Leeds|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > School of Geography (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute for Transport Studies (Leeds)
|Depositing User:||Adrian May|
|Date Deposited:||15 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||25 Jun 2014 17:34|