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Self-consistent solutions to the intersubband rate equations in quantum cascade lasers: Analysis of a GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs device

Donovan, K., Harrison, P. and Kelsall, R.W. (2001) Self-consistent solutions to the intersubband rate equations in quantum cascade lasers: Analysis of a GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs device. Journal of Applied Physics, 89 (6). pp. 3084-3090. ISSN 1089-7550

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Abstract

The carrier transition rates and subband populations for a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum cascade laser operating in the mid-infrared frequency range are calculated by solving the rate equations describing the electron densities in each subband self-consistently. These calculations are repeated for a range of temperatures from 20 to 300 K. The lifetime of the upper laser level found by this self-consistent method is then used to calculate the gain for this range of temperatures. At a temperature of 77 K, the gain of the laser is found to be 34 cm(-1)/(kA/cm(-2)), when only electron–longitudinal-optical phonon transitions are considered in the calculation. The calculated gain decreases to 19.6 cm(-1)/(kA/cm(-2)) when electron–electron transition rates are included, thus showing their importance in physical models of these devices. Further analysis shows that thermionic emission could be occurring in real devices. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Item Type: Article
Copyright, Publisher and Additional Information: Copyright © 2001 American Institute of Physics. Reproduced in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.
Institution: The University of Leeds
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering (Leeds) > Institute of Microwaves and Photonics (Leeds)
Depositing User: Repository Officer
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2006
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2014 22:03
Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1341216
Status: Published
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Refereed: Yes
Identification Number: 10.1063/1.1341216
URI: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1673

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